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2020-12-30 [59422]
本文摘要:trump'schoicetobecomecommercesecretary,MadelargechunksofhisfortuneinsteelisavociferouscriticofglobalizationwhohascontendedthatAmericanpurchasesofimportedgoodsatWalmartarehelpingChinapayfornuclear--新白宫贸易、产业政策局负责人彼得纳瓦罗是对全球化进行猛烈批评的人,他认为美国人在沃尔玛销售进口商品是在帮助中国生产针对美国的核弹头的导弹。

Shanghai-as a top trade official,He limited the Japanese cars and steel coming into the United States . He halted talks with China on a deal the上海——他允许日本汽车和钢铁向美国转让为最低贸易官员。他曾中断与中国的谈判,这一谈判可能无法达成增进两国间投资的协议。他曾试图通过类似的税收豁免对美国出口商取得优势。

when it comes to problems troubling working-class Americans and manufacturers,Robert lighthizer,President-elect Donald J . trueit is a philosophy that he developed in the 1980s as a deputy United States trade re presentative and fine-tuned in the decades-long career the D as the me“it seems clear that the u . s . manufacturing crisis is related to our trade with China,Mr . lighthizer said in testimony to a congression”“很明显,美国的制造业危机与中国的贸易有关。”2010年,赖特希泽在国会委员会听证会上说:“Over the years,Mr . lighthizer has consistently taken the position that foreign countries are subsidizing their exporters wheb。

”多年来,lightser为了保护国内的就业机会,外国仍然向出口商提供补贴,同时秘密地、系统地,他的对策是寻找一系列贸易措施,允许美国进口。世贸组织的规定只能这样做,而且这种方法可能会得到许可。“To attack a problem as large as our trade deficit with China,U.S. officials must be prepared,at a minimum,To consider very aggressive“为了解决与中国的贸易逆差等大问题,美国官员必须做好准备。

The choice of Mr . lighthizer-And The trade tensions it underscores-leaves China in a difficult spot . he is part of a gart奖项提名赖特希杰为贸易代表,突出这一自由选择的紧迫贸易关系使中国陷入困境。特朗普奖提名的贸易委员中还包括莱特希杰和其他人,他们都与传统金属大量制造的旧经济产业有着密切的关系,中国恰好在这些产业中第二次面临产能不足的问题。这是重启工厂和解雇工人的最棘手、最自由的选择。

(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦,Northern Exposure(美国电视),)如果允许这些工业向美国出口,中国的自由选择将变得更加困难。Wilbur Ross,The billionaire investor who is Mr . trump ' s choice to become commerce secretary,Made large chunks of his fortune in steel is a vociferous critic of globalization who has contended that American purchases of imported goods at Walmart are helping China pay for nuclear-- 新白宫贸易、产业政策局负责人彼得纳瓦罗是对全球化进行猛烈批评的人,他认为美国人在沃尔玛销售进口商品是在帮助中国生产针对美国的核弹头的导弹。(威廉莎士比亚,Northern Exposure(美国电视剧),Northern Exposure(美国电视剧),战争)The timing is bad for China。

这对中国来说时机不好。the Chinese economy is slowing despite vast amounts of fiscal and monetary stimulus . big manufacturers in most industries are struggling with on Ity尽管采取了许多财政及货币刺激措施,但中国经济仍在上升。

大部分行业的大型制造商为了解决生产能力不足的问题,只要能挽回运营成本,就会以极低甚至亏损的价格向海外销售商品。莱特希杰主张,多年来,美国不能以政府补贴生产的商品入境,也不能以高于全部费用的价格销售的商品入境。“trump naming him makes me worry the u . s . will carry out more rigid measures on trade and investment”said Wei Jianguo,A former vice mining兼任中国商务部副部长的魏建国表示:“特朗普任命他,让美国担心对贸易和投资采取更严格的措施。”exports are important for China . it consistently sells $ 4 worth of goods to the United States for each $ 1 of imports . that mismatch hh Teral tral出口在中国是最重要的。

长期以来,中国每次进口1美元的东西,就向美国出售价值4美元的东西。这种差异给中国带来的巨额双边贸易顺差约占中国总经济的3%,建设了数千万个工作岗位。

the benefits to China from that surplus have been increasing rapidly in the past few years . many exporters have stopped importing components and Ed to过去几年来,这一贸易顺差给中国带来的优惠仍在迅速增长。许多中国出口商停止进口零部件,从更有能力的当地供应商获得了从高质量钢材到高级电脑芯片等多种产品。跨国公司已经将整个供应链转移到中国,为了运营这些供应链,将技术转移到中国。

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many Democrats and many economists have also become increasingly disenchanted with the effect on American workers and the American economy . the DMIS对于这个问题对美国工人和美国经济的影响,很多民主党和经济学家也更加反感。奥巴马政府向世界贸易组织提交了针对中国的长时间贸易事件,这些事件涉及的政策不多,但涉及的商品类别也很有限。奥巴马政府仍在计划更好的事件,政府本周四提交的最新贸易案针对的是中国对铝生产商的补贴。

if Mr . trump goes even further in that direction,Mr . lighthizer will bring a long background in such actions。如果特朗普朝这个方向更进一步,莱特希泽将成为When he was in the Reagan administration,Mr . lighthizer was the deputy United States trade re presentative over seeing industrationlighthizer has mainly been filing anti-subsidy and anti-dumping trade cases against imports on behalf of the American steel industry.之后,莱特希泽主要代表美国钢铁业起诉反补贴和反倾销贸易案件。

“he ' s the best negotiator I ' ve ever worked with on policies involving trade or tax policy”,said Timothy Regan,Mr. lighthizer.他是我一起工作过的人中最差的谈判者。“赖特希泽在里根政府办公室主任蒂莫西里根(Timothy Regan)表示,里根现在是康宁全球政府事务高级副总裁。

Mr . lighthizer led successful efforts in the 1980s to force Japan to accept curbs on exports of cars and steel to the United States . both werebe Es20世纪80年代,赖特希杰顺利领导的行动迫使日本拒绝对美国汽车出口和钢铁出口的许可。这两件事都是大胆的行为。特别是考虑到里根总统大力支持自由贸易。但是,10年后世界贸易组织正式成立时,除少数成员外,其他成员国同意撤回对其他国家的这种出口许可。

the auto industry could be ripe for action again . China is an enormous exporter of auto parts to the United States . under president Obama,trade have汽车行业采取这种行为的时机可能已经成熟。中国目前向美国出口大量汽车零部件。在奥巴马总统的领导下,在汽车贸易问题上的贸易紧张关系已经下滑,奥巴马政府掌握了向世界贸易组织提交的两起案件。

这些事件迫使中国对美国汽车征收特定反倾销和反补贴税,并停止相关方面非常狭窄的补贴。”he was squarely in the trade talks with Japan " said he weiwen,A former commerce Ministry official who is now A senior fellow at the center for cor他在与日本的贸易谈判中直截了当。“前商务部官员何伟彬说,他现在是北京有影响力的研究机构——中国和全球化智囊团的高级研究员。

the intersection of tax and trade is a specialty of Mr . lighthizer,Who was an architect of a Reagan administration initiative to cut corporate税收和贸易的交叉是里根政府为出口商减少公司所得税方案的设计师莱特希泽的专业领域。在此之前,他曾在参议院财政委员会兼任办公室主任,负责税收政策管理。In the Reagan administration,He pushed the limits of what is permissible under international trade rules . his plan allowed many American export 他的计划允许很多美国出口商设立海外公司,管理在海外的销售,从而提高税收。

但是,在欧盟于20世纪90年代明确提出批评后,世界贸易组织最终结束了这种希望。Republicans now appear to be taking a similar-albeit more ambitious-tack . they are exploring how to raise corporate taxes for importes extent共和党人在一定程度上采取了战略3354,尽管有野心。他们正在探索如何提高对进口商的企业税,利用这种追加税来增加其他企业的税。中国,as the biggest exporter to the United States,would face a major blow . but it would also affect American retailers,仅次于美国的出口国electronics中国将面临根本的压迫。

但是,该计划对美国的零售商、电子产品企业和依赖海外供应的其他跨国公司也没有影响。a big obstacle for Republicans is whether the w . t . o . would declare such a tax to be a trade barrier . China and Europe effectively Pena M posing a type of共和党面临的许多障碍是通过对世界各地的营业税征税,中国和欧洲实际上允许进口,这项措施得到了世界贸易组织的批准。在中国,这一税收比例高达17%。

But house Republicans,leery of imposing any new national taxes,want to change existing corporate tax laws instead . w . t . o . Although theed但是众议院共和党人对创造新的全国性税收感到担忧,世贸组织的规则不希望以允许进口的方式改变企业所得税。虽然他们不一定禁止这样做。The w.t.o. review process,though,is lengthy . so Mr . lighthizer and congress could well go ahead with the tax plan。

lightening the tax burden for American manufacturers as well as inflicting plenty of damage on China and the global supply chain。但是世界贸易组织的审查过程很长,所以赖特希泽和国会通过这项税收计划,减少了美国制造业的税收支出,给中国和全球供应链带来了巨大的损失。and The w . t . o . ' s response-if it found The plan invalid-would not have much heft . mostly,The global trade group could authorize beetsWTO的反应3354这个全球贸易组织大部分将允许北京对美国规模大得多的对华出口业务进行贸易允许。that prospect does not scare Mr . lighthizer very much,as he made clear in his 2010 testimony。

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这一前景不会让莱特希泽感到害怕,他在2010年的证词中指出了这一点:“w . t . o.commitments are not religious obligations,《Mr. lighthizer said,and violations》。”。


本文关键词:赖特,世界贸易组织,莱特希泽,鸭脖娱乐,美国

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